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英语语法:最常见的介词用法错误 (一)

时间:2019-04-02 16:26:36  来源:平和英语村  作者:平和英语村

Flower 12_副本.jpg 

 

 

介词是一些非常常见的小词,例如atforinonto,通常位于名词或代词前面,表达与另外一个词之间的关系。

 

母语是英语的人在常见的介词使用中很少犯错,然而,英语学习者经常犯错,因为他们更多地是直接从自己的语言中翻译,而非听地道的英语。

 

提高介词使用能力最好的方法是:

1. listen to spoken English as much as possible

尽可能多地听英语口语

2. test yourself on common prepositions

自我测试常用的介词

 

下面罗列了10个常见的介词用法错误:

 

1) arrive at 还是 arrive in

 

*When we arrived to Claudios house

at通常用在具体的地点前:school学校、restaurant餐厅、airport机场、aunts house阿姨的家;而in通常用在城市或国家前面。

 

 When we arrived at Claudios house

我们到达克劳迪奥的家……

 The train arrived at Shibuya station thirty seconds late.

火车延迟30秒到达涩谷车站。

 On Friday, the president arrived in Poland.

总统于周五到达波兰。

 The K-pop band arrived in Phnom Penh last week.

韩国流行乐队上周到达金边。

 

2) at night

 

*We often go out in the night.

in可以用在in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening里,但是night前面需要用at

 

 We often go out at night.

我们经常在夜晚出门。

 Krakow is beautiful at night.

夜晚的克拉科夫很美。

 

3) look for 还是 wait for

 

*I was looking my glasses.

*Giulia was waiting me at the bus stop.

如果你想表达寻找,那么用look for或者search for;如果你想表达等待,那么用wait for

 

 I was looking for my glasses.

我在寻找我的眼镜。

 Tomis looking for a new job.

汤姆正在寻找一份新工作。

Giulia was waiting for me at the bus stop.

茱莉亚正在车站等着我。

Lucy is waiting for her sister to finish class.

露西正在等她的妹妹放学。

 

4) for [period of time]

 

*Ive been working here since five years

for用在一段时间前面,比如:a few minutes/three months/twenty years 

since和具体的时间点连用,比如:this morning/September/the day we met

 

Ive been working here for five years.

我已经在这里工作五年了。

She hasnt drunk coffee for years.

她好多年不喝咖啡了。

Shes been living in Yokohama since February.

她从二月起一直住在横滨。

I havent seen her since yesterday morning.

昨天早上之后,我就没再见到她。

 

5) in [months and years]

 

*Its my birthday on July!

in总是和年份或月份连用。

 

Its my birthday in July!

我的生日在7月。

Ola was born in 2004.

欧拉出生在2004年。

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