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常见介词By用法介绍

时间:2017-05-03 16:29:16  来源:平和英语村  作者:平和英语村

 

1、被;由

The feast was served by his mother and sisters. 这顿美餐是他母亲和他的姐妹们准备的。

The child was saved by a PLA man. 这孩子是由一位解放军战士救活的。

He was praised by the teacher. 他受到了老师的表扬。

2、表明作者,“(图书、音乐、绘画等)由……创作,出自”。

This book is written by Jack. 这本书是杰克写的。

3、表示方式、方法、手段等,“通过;用;凭”。

We'll be travelling by car. 我们将开车旅行。

Make the sauce by boiling the cream and stock together in a pan. 把奶油和高汤一起放在平底锅里熬煮来制作调味料。

4、在…旁边;接近

Judith was sitting in a rocking-chair by the window. 朱迪丝正坐在窗户边的一张摇椅里。

He gave me a story book when nobody was by. 当附近无人的时候他把小说给了我。

5、经过;经由

He kept walking and passed by me on his side of the street. 他一直在街对面走着,并与街这边的我交错而过。

He hurried by without a word. 他匆匆地走过去没有说一句话。

6、在…时候;到…之前;不迟于

By eight o'clock he had arrived at my hotel. 到8点时,他已经到达我住的宾馆了。

We should finish our work by tonight. 今晚之前我们要结束工作。

7、(乘或除)以

230cm divided by 22cm is 10.45cm. 230厘米除以22厘米等于10.45厘米。

8、表示幅度

Violent crime has increased by 10 percent since last year. 暴力犯罪自去年以来增加了10%。

9、以…计;按…计

Parcels arrived by the dozen from America. 包裹成打地从美国运来。

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