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英语并列连词while的用法总结

时间:2019-04-24 14:32:44  来源:平和英语村  作者:Myron Chen

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一、While作为并列连词,意思为“而,然而”,表前后意义上的对比或转折。


例如:There’s plenty of rain in the southeast,while there's little in the northeast.东南部雨量充足,而西北部则很少下雨。


Some people waste food while others haven't enough.有些人浪费粮食,然而有些人却吃不饱。

 

二、另外while还有别的用法,while引导状语从句,有以下两种含义:


1.表示某个动作正在进行的同时,另一动作也在进行之中,这时主从句都用进行时态,有对同类的两个动作进行对比的意味.如:


While I was playing the piano,she was dancing.我在弹钢琴,她在跳舞.


While Jim is picking apples,Kate is carrying apples to the truck.吉姆正在摘苹果,凯特正在把苹果搬到卡车上去.


2.表示某个动作正在进行时,又发生了另一动作(该动作用一般过去时).如:


While I was reading,I fell asleep.我读着读着就睡着了.


While we were swimming in the river,we saw a fish jump out of the water.我们正在河中游泳时,看见一条鱼跃出了水面.

 

三、while还有以下几种常见用法:


1.只要(=as long as)
There will be life while there is water and air.只要有空气和水,就会有生命.


2.而;然而〔表示对比〕
He is a driver while I'm a teacher.他是司机,而我是老师.


3.虽然(=although);尽管〔表示让步〕
While I see what you say,I can't agree with you.虽然我能理解你说的话,但是我不能同意你.


4.用作名词,表示“一会儿或一段时间”,常与a,the或this等连用.如:


Just wait a while and then I will help you.等一下,我会来帮你的.
Where have you been all this while?这一阵子你一直都在哪儿?

 

四、while所引导的时间状语从句中的谓语动词只能是延续性动词。


例如:I met with an old friend of mine while(when) I was walking along the street.

 

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