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值得收藏的英语四六级翻译里超级有用的高级词汇(一)

时间:2019-06-01 15:49:10  来源:平和英语村  作者:Myron Chen

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         汉译英翻译还是有套路的,多看几遍时政翻译就会发现有很多高频词。这次再总结一些常用词的加分表达,希望可以帮到广大的朋友

 

1. 增加不用increase

这类词盘点的有很多啦,而且替换词也很多。

一般的增加就有increaserise,这里看看我总结的五个表示急剧增加的单词:

multiply 大幅增加;乘,使相乘

In warm weather these germs multiply rapidly.

在温暖的天气里这些细菌会迅速繁殖。

 

upsurge 急剧上升,猛增

An upsurge of/in violence in the district has been linked to increased unemployment.

该地区暴力事件的猛增与失业率上升有关。

 

mushroom 迅速增长;迅速发展

The number of computers in schools has mushroomed in recent years.

近年来,学校里计算机的数量迅速增长

 

skyrocket 猛涨,飞涨

Housing prices have skyrocketed in recent months.

近几个月房价飞涨。

 

hike (价格或费用的大幅)提高,增加

The recent hike in train fares came as a shock to commuters.

最近火车票的涨价让通勤者们十分震惊。

 

2. 减少不用decrease

 

lessen 减少,降低,减轻

A healthy diet can lessen the risk of heart disease.

健康饮食能降低患心脏病的危险。

 

slash 大幅削减,大幅减少(金钱、工作等)

Prices have been slashed by 50 percent!

价格直降50%

 

cut down on 减少, 削减

We must cut down on the amount of material we use

我们必须削减原料使用量。

 

pare down 削减; 减少

It will be necessary to pare this budget down considerably.

有必要大大地削减这笔预算。

 

3. 改变不用change

 

shift

忽视生态环境保护的状况明显改变。

……there has been a clear shift away from the tendency to neglect ecological and environmental protection.

 

transform

坚决改变现在的状况。

……taken strong action to transform the present situation.

还有transform的名词形式transformation~

人类社会正处在一个大发展大变革大调整时代。

Humankind has reached an age of great progress, great transformation and profound changes.

加快转型 accelerate transformation

转变经济发展方式 transformation of the economic development pattern.

 

4. 重视不只是concentrate onpay attention to

 

highlight

The report highlights the need for improved safety.

那份报告强调了加大安全力度的重要性。

 

take ... into account

A good architect takes into account the building's surroundings.

一位好的建筑师会考虑到建筑物的周边环境。

 

put emphasis on

Put emphasis on the practice and use of English.

强调英语的实践和运用。

 

give (top) priority to

高度重视传播手段建设和创新……

We will give priority to improving means of communication and to creating new ones……

 

focus on

Tonight's programme focuses on the way that homelessness affects the young.

今晚的节目着重讨论无家可归的现象如何影响年轻一代。

 

5. 体现反映不只是showreflect

 

demonstrate

反映一个国家的自信程度 demonstrate a country's self-confidence.

 

manifest

Lack of confidence in the company manifested itself in a fall in the share price.

对公司缺乏信心表现为股价下跌。

 

embody

She embodied good sportsmanship on the playing field.

在运动场上,她展现了优秀运动员的风采。

 

feature

The hour-long programme will be updated each week and feature highlights from recent games.

这个一小时的节目将每周更新,重点介绍近期比赛的精彩部分。

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